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Overview[]

The London boroughs are 32 of the 33 local authority districts of the Greater London administrative area (the 33rd is the City of London). Each is governed by a London borough council. The London boroughs were all created at the same time as Greater London on 1 April 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 and are a type of local government district. Twelve were designated as Inner London boroughs and twenty as Outer London boroughs.

The London boroughs have populations of around 150,000 to 300,000. Inner London boroughs tend to be smaller, in both population and area, and more densely populated than Outer London boroughs. The London boroughs were created by combining groups of former local government units. A review undertaken between 1987 and 1992 led to a number of relatively small alterations in borough boundaries.

London borough councils provide the majority of local government services (schools, waste management, social services, libraries, etc.), in contrast to the strategic Greater London Authority, which has limited authority over all of Greater London.

The councils were first elected in 1964 and acted as shadow authorities until 1 April 1965. Each borough is divided into electoral wards, subject to periodic review, for the purpose of electing councillors. Council elections take place every four years, with the most recent elections in 2018 and the next elections due in 2022.

The political make-up of London borough councils is dominated by the Conservative, Labour, and Liberal Democrat parties. Twenty-eight councils follow the leader and cabinet model of executive governance, with directly elected mayors in Hackney, Lewisham, Newham, and Tower Hamlets. The City of London is instead governed by the City of London Corporation and the Inner and Middle Temples.


Political control in 2018[]

The London Assembly is (together with the elected Mayor of London) the governing body for the Greater London Authority. Within its administrative area, the 32 borough councils perform lower functions.

Elections to all seats of all 32 London boroughs were last held in May 2018 and will next be held in May 2022.

Last update 4 May 2018.

Council Control Web Total CON LAB LD GP Other Vacant Upcoming by-elections
Barking & Dagenham LAB maj URL 51 51
Barnet CON maj URL 63 38 25
Bexley CON maj URL 45 34 11
Brent LAB maj URL 63 3 57 3 t.b.d. 2018
Bromley CON maj URL 60 50 8 2
Camden LAB maj URL 54 7 43 3 1
Croydon LAB maj URL 70 29 41
Ealing LAB maj URL 69 8 57 4
Enfield LAB maj URL 63 17 46
Greenwich LAB maj URL 51 9 42
Hackney (M) LAB maj URL 57 5 52
Hammersmith & Fulham LAB maj URL 46 11 35
Haringey LAB maj URL 57 42 15
Harrow LAB maj URL 63 28 35
Havering NOC CON+IND URL 54 25 5 24[l 1]
Hillingdon CON maj URL 65 44 21
Hounslow LAB maj URL 60 9 51
Islington LAB maj URL 48 47 1
Kensington & Chelsea CON maj URL 50 36 13 1
Kingston upon Thames LD maj URL 48 9 39
Lambeth LAB maj URL 63 1 57 5
Lewisham (M) LAB LAB Mayor URL 54 54
Merton LAB maj URL 60 17 34 6 3
Newham (M) LAB LAB Mayor URL 60 60
Redbridge LAB maj URL 63 12 51
Richmond upon Thames LD maj URL 54 11 39 4
Southwark LAB maj URL 63 49 14 3 14 June 2018
Sutton LD maj URL 54 18 33 3
Tower Hamlets (M) NOC LAB Mayor URL 45 2 42 1
Waltham Forest LAB maj URL 60 14 46
Wandsworth CON maj URL 60 33 26 1
Westminster CON maj URL 60 41 19

The 100-member Court of Common Council of the City of London, a municipal corporation, was last elected in March 2017. Most members are non-aligned; the largest party is Temple & Farringdon Together[15] and the only national party represented is Labour.

Council Control Web Total IND TFT LAB Vacant Last change
City of London Corporation IND IND URL 100 85 10 5 By-election, 22 March 2018
  1. Jump up^ 22 various Residents Associations, 2 independents.

Also See[]

  1. London borough
  2. Greater London
  3. Greater London Urban Area
  4. Greater London Council
  5. Greater London Authority
  6. London boroughs by population in 2017

Sources[]

  1. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_make-up_of_local_councils_in_the_United_Kingdom
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_boroughs
  3. https://data.london.gov.uk/dataset/london-borough-profiles
  4. https://www.londoncouncils.gov.uk/who-runs-london/essential-guide-london-local-government
  5. https://boroughs50.londoncouncils.gov.uk/almanac/2017/
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Political_make-up_of_local_councils_in_the_United_Kingdom
  7. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_boroughs
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