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The London Borough of Islington is a London borough in North and Inner London. It was formed in 1965 by merging the former metropolitan boroughs of Islington and Finsbury. The borough contains two Westminster parliamentary constituencies; Islington North and Islington South & Finsbury.


Islington was originally named by the Saxons Giseldone (1005), then Gislandune (1062). The name means 'Gīsla's hill' from the Old English personal name Gīsla and dun 'hill', 'down'. The name then later mutated to Isledon, which remained in use well into the 17th century when the modern form arose. In medieval times, Islington was just one of many small manors in the area, along with Bernersbury, Neweton Berewe or Hey-bury, and Canonesbury (Barnsbury, Highbury and Canonbury - names first recorded in the 13th and 14th centuries). "Islington" came to be applied as the name for the parish covering these villages, and was the name chosen for the Metropolitan Borough of Islington, on its formation in 1899. On the merger with Finsbury, to form the modern borough this name came to be applied to the whole borough.

Districts of Islington[]

The borough includes the areas:


  • Barnsbury
  • Bunhill
  • Caledonian
  • Canonbury
  • East Canonbury
  • Clerkenwell
  • Finsbury Park
  • Highbury East
  • Highbury West
  • Hillrise
  • Holloway
  • Junction
  • Mildmay
  • St. Georges
  • St. Marys
  • St. Peters
  • Tollington


Islington has a wide variety of Transport, with direct connections to the suburbs and the City and West End.

Bus Number Destination Operator
4 Waterloo - Archway Metroline
10 King's Cross - Hammersmith First
17 London Bridge - Archway Metroline
19 Battersea Bridge - Finsbury Park Arriva
21 Lewisham - Newington Green via Southgate Road London Central
29 Trafalgar Square - Wood Green Arriva
30 Leamouth - Highbury & Islington Stn East London
38 Victoria - Clapton Pond Arriva
41 Archway - Tottenham Hale Arriva
43 London Bridge - Friern Barnet Metroline
46 Hampstead Heath - Farrindon Street Metroline
55 Oxford Circus - Leyton East London
56 West Smithfield - Whipps Cross East London
73 Victoria - Seven Sisters Arriva
76 Waterloo (County Hall) - Tottenham Town Hall via Bank, Moorgate, Finsbury, Southgate Road, Stoke Newington Arriva
91 Trafalgar Square - Archway First
134 Tottenham Court Road - North Finchley via Camden Town, Archway, Highgate Metroline
141 London Bridge - Palmers Green via Moorgate, City Road, New North Road, Southgate Road, Newington Green, Highbury East, Green Lanes, Wood Green Arriva
145 Archway - Brent Cross Metroline
153 Liverpool Street - Finsbury Park HT
205 Mile End - Paddington via Liverpool Street, City Road, Angel, King's Cross, Euston, Baker Street, Marylebone Metroline
243 Waterloo - Wood Green via Aldwych, Holborn, Old Street, Kingsland Road Arriva
271 Moorgate - Highgate Village via City Road, New North Road, Highbury, Holloway, Archway Metroline
341 Waterloo - Angel Road via Aldwych, Holborn, Angel, Essex Road, Newington Green, Green Lanes First
390 Notting Hill Gate - Archway via Tottenham Court Road, Euston, King's Cross, Camden Town Metroline
393 Chalk Farm Station - Stoke Newington via Highbury, Holloway, Camden Arriva
394 Hackney - Islington via Angel, City Road, New North Road, Hoxton, Haggerston, London Fields HC
476 Euston - Northumberland Park via King's Cross, Angel, Essex Road, Newington Green, Stoke Newington, Seven Sisters, Tottenham First

There are many Underground stations in the borough, which include Old Street, Angel, Highbury & Islington, Finsbury Park, Arsenal, Holloway Road, Caledonian Road, Tufnell Park and Archway, serving principally the Piccadilly, Victoria and Northern Lines. Railway stations include Caledonian Road & Barnsbury, Highbury and Islington, Canonbury, Upper Holloway, Crouch Hill,Drayton Park, Essex Road and Finsbury Park.

Major public and private bodies in Islington[]

There are two prisons in Islington, a male prison, HM Prison Pentonville and a women's prison Holloway, that held many suffragettes.


As of 2008 Square Enix's Europe offices are on the second floor of the Castle House in Borough of Islington.

Cultural attractions and institutions in Islington[]


Lower Holloway in Islington is home to Freightliners City Farm which is one of the many city farms throughout London. The farm, which isn't like an industrial farm, contains a wide range of animals from rabbits to cows to chickens and pigs all free for the public to view.

Demographics of Islington[]

According to the 2001 census Islington has a population of 175,797. It is 75% White, 6% Black African, 5% Black Caribbean and 2% Bangladeshi. 32% of the borough's residents are owner–occupiers.



The London Borough of Islington is home to two higher education institutions:—


The borough also currently contains two colleges of further education:—


The borough currently maintains 47 primary schools, 10 secondary schools, three special schools and five Pupil Referral Units. In 2000, Cambridge Education Associates, a private firm, took over the management of the Islington's state schools from the local education authority.

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